A wave of optimism with Seaway opening

By Alex Binkley

When it comes to the prospects for a new navigation season on the St. Lawrence Seaway and Great Lakes, Terence Bowles and Craig Middlebrook have to sound optimistic. This year might justify upbeat comments the President and CEO of The St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation and the Deputy Administrator of Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation offer in separate interviews.

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Trump’s Arctic: Making America Great in the region

By K. Joseph Spears

Has America’s Arctic policy changed with the election of President Donald J. Trump? His November 2016 election came as a surprise to political pundits and mainstream media. The previous Administration of Barack Obama made climate change a cornerstone of U.S. Arctic policy. Obama’s Arctic policy was the subject of articles in the March and November 2016 issues of Canadian Sailings. It is an understatement that the new President has been less vigorous in his approach to climate science and the underlying causes of climate change. Whether this impacts U.S. Arctic policy remains to be seen: it is still very early days. President Trump has made it clear that he wants to make America great again and thicken the borders of continental America and this must also include the northern border along the coast of Alaska. These efforts will impact Canada.

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Trudeau’s Arctic: Warming up to the region

K. Joseph Spears

Canada’s Liberal government was elected October 2015 and is now in the second year of its mandate. A picture is emerging of the Trudeau government policy in the Arctic. Canada and the United States entered into a Joint Policy Statement on the Arctic when Prime Minister Trudeau attended his first state visit to Washington while President Obama was still in office. The joint declaration was based upon the foundation of climate change and science-based decision-making that provided a guidepost for resource development and sustainable shipping activities, to name two of the issues addressed in the joint statement. This joint declaration is the subject matter of an article in a March 2016 issue of Canadian Sailings. With the new Trump Administration, the status of this joint declaration remains undetermined, especially given the new Administration’s avoidance of statements related to climate change.

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A mandatory Polar Code – How does it affect shipping?

By Captain David (Duke) Snider, FNI FRGS

The IMO’s mandatory International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code) came into effect in January 2017. How does the Polar Code make the playing field of Arctic Shipping different? The biggest difference is the mandatory nature of this new IMO instrument. After a series of voluntary polar shipping guidelines that have existed since the 1990s, the Polar Code is the first mandatory IMO instrument focused on shipping in the Arctic and Antarctic. The new Code sets in place baseline goal-based standards for design, construction, operation and crewing, and environmental protection measures for ships operating in Polar Waters. In the coming months, governments will be required to bring their national regulations and requirements into line with the Polar Code. Transport Canada is currently in the process of doing exactly that, consulting with stakeholders on changes to the Arctic Shipping Pollution Prevention Regulations to enable compliance with the Polar Code onboard Canadian ships and in Canadian waters.

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Quebec Port Terminals anticipates major growth in its Arctic operations

By Mark Cardwell

When Jack Watt took over as operations manager at the Quebec Port Terminals (QPT) terminal in Bécancour in 2008, the loading and unloading of ships bound for a fledgling open-pit gold mine in Canada’s Low Arctic was a small but promising part of the facility’s business. That is set to change, however, as Agnico Eagle begins to invest more than US$1.2 billion into opening two new mines in the same region.

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Desgagnés’ Arctic business is thriving

By Brian Dunn

It was another challenging season in the Far North for Desgagnés Transarctik, but not nearly as bad as in 2015 when Arctic shipping was plagued by unusual stationary ice and wind conditions that delayed the delivery of several shiploads of cargo. “This year was not as bad in Iqaluit and Pangnirtung, but there was lots of ice early in the season in Ungava Bay where we lost precious days,” said Waguih Rayes, General Manager, Desgagnés Transarctik. “It was a similar situation on the East Coast of Hudson’s Bay.”

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The case of Clipper Adventurer: Between a rock and a hard place

By Kiley Sampson and K. Joseph Spears

On January 27 2017, Mr. Justice Shawn Harrington of the Federal Court handed down an interesting decision that examined potential liability of the government of Canada involving the grounding of adventure cruise vessel M/V Clipper Adventurer which ran aground on an “uncharted rock” in Coronation Gulf in the Canadian Arctic on August 27, 2010. Before his appointment to the bench, the judge was an experienced admiralty law practitioner. This article will examine both the findings of the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) and the Federal Court decision with respect to liability of the vessel owner. The grounding, and the subsequent TSB Marine Investigation and Federal Court decision are of interest to students of Arctic shipping. The grounding provides an insight into issues with respect to government of Canada’s obligations to provide Arctic shipping infrastructure and hydrographic charting, and the liability of vessel owners. It has been said that litigation is “an expensive way to learn.” This was a costly learning lesson.

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Zoom Greater Montreal launched to aid Montreal’s economic development

CargoM, the Logistics and Transportation Metropolitan Cluster of Montreal, recently acknowledged the launch of the web-based search tool ZOOM Greater Montreal, produced by the Montreal Metropolitan Community (CMM) and designed with the help of economic development partners Montréal International, the Chamber of Commerce of Metropolitan Montreal (CCMM) and CargoM itself.

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The impact of CETA on the Coasting Trade regime in Canada: brief analysis of Bill C-30

By Nils Goeteyn and Peter G. Pamel

On October 31, 2016, one day after the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (“CETA”) with Europe was signed, the Canadian government introduced Bill C-30 for first reading in the House of Commons in Parliament. The Bill, which is intended to implement CETA into Canadian legislation and to enter into force by the end of April 2017, proposes significant changes to the Coasting Trade Act, S.C. 1992, c. 31 (“Act”). This article provides an overview of the most important changes Bill C-30 will bring to the Canadian coasting trade regime.1

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Termont and MSC inaugurate 350,000 TEUs of new container capacity at the Viau terminal in the port of Montreal

Termont Montréal Inc. (“Termont”), and Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. (“MSC”), joined Marc Garneau, Canada’s Minister of Transport; Minister Laurent Lessard, Québec’s Minister of Transport, Minister Jean D’Amour, Québec Minister for Maritime Affairs; and Montréal Port Authority to inaugurate the Viau container terminal at the port in the presence of approximately 75 guests and dignitaries.

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